Discussion: Social Justice in Health Care Distribution
The purpose of this assignment is to give you an idea of how challenging it is when health care is a scarce resource. There will never be enough money for everyone to have every health care service they may need or want. Who makes these decisions? Perhaps a government agency, perhaps an insurance company. It is easy to blame a nameless, faceless business for denying care. But what if it was you? What if you worked in that field and the burden to allocate too few resources to too many needy patients sat on your shoulders? Might you have a completely different perspective? How do payors determine what to cover? The answer is simple and complex at the same time. Payers generally do not cover anything experimental. They have clear policies for what specific plans cover. They often require preauthorization to ensure that the test/procedure is truly necessary and that it is supported by best practice showing improved quality outcomes.
In this case you are not working for an insurance company. You are a senior executive in a hospital. The hospital sets aside charity care monies each year to assist needy patients. There are always more needy patients than there are funds. When the funds are gone, they are gone. This year, you are tasked with distribution of the money.
None of the patients have insurance or any significant funds. You have 1 million dollars. It cannot be used for more than one patient.
The patients are as follows:
1. Patient A is a 70 y/o retired business executive who needs a $500,000 heart transplant and $500,000 in post care surgery (i.e. medications, rehab, follow- ups, etc.)
2. Patient B is a toddler with cerebral palsy (affect a person’s ability to move and maintain balance and posture) who needs $500,000 for ongoing care. With expert care the expected lifespan is teenage.
3. Patient C is a 32 year old mother of 2 who needs a $750,000 bone marrow transplant and $500,000 in post care surgery (i.e. medications, rehab, follow- ups, etc.).
4. Patient D is a 38 y/o athlete who needs a hepatitis C drug that costs $30,000/ month. The patient could live a normal life span as long as the drug is provided.
5. Patient E is a micro-premature baby who is costing $10,000 day with a 20% chance of survival. The hospital stay is expected to be 12 months minimum, not including any needed surgical procedures, and not including likely life-long health care needs if he survives.
Determine the distribution of health care funds
Include the following aspects in the assignment:
Ø Which patient should receive the funding and why?
Ø If the funds were available to be shared among the patients, would you have chosen differently?
Ø How did you feel having to make a choice?
Ø Discuss if this exercise has changed your view of the challenges behind paying for health care.
You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.
Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.
Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.
The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.
ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE CLASS
Discussion Questions (DQ)
Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, include a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words.
Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source.
One or two sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words.
I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.
Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately.
In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies.
Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work).
Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.
APA Format and Writing Quality
Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required).
Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.
Use of Direct Quotes
I discourage overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Masters’ level and deduct points accordingly.
As Masters’ level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content.
It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.
For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.
Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.
The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.
Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me:
Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.
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